A Guide Flooring: Residential, Commercial and More

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  • Post last modified:10/11/2023
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Welcome to our comprehensive guide on all types of flooring, a definitive resource for anyone looking to enhance their home or workspace. In this article, we’ll navigate the expansive realm of flooring options to ensure you’re well-prepared to make informed decisions.

Our structured approach will lead you through the following key aspects of flooring, aligning with the order of the article:

  • Understanding Flooring Fundamentals: We’ll commence by shedding light on the foundational role of flooring in interior design and its pivotal impact on the overall ambiance of your space.
  • Essential Considerations: Given the vast spectrum of flooring choices, we’ll guide you through the critical factors that demand your attention. These encompass:
  • Space: Tailoring your flooring choice to specific areas within your home or workspace, be it the living room, kitchen, bathroom, or other zones.
  • Practicality: A deep dive into the practical facets of each flooring type, encompassing durability, ease of maintenance, and suitability for varying levels of foot traffic.
  • Style: Unveiling how your chosen flooring option can harmonize with distinct interior design styles, from classic to contemporary.
  • Type: An in-depth exploration of the diverse array of flooring materials, including but not limited to hardwood, laminate, carpet, tile, and vinyl.
  • Budget: Insights into the cost aspect of flooring, with a focus on cost-effective options and strategies to optimize your investment.
  • Installation: Navigating the installation process, whether it’s a hands-on DIY project or one that necessitates professional expertise.
  • Maintenance: Equipping you with the knowledge required to care for and sustain your chosen flooring, ensuring it remains visually appealing and functional over time.

As you progress through this guide, you’ll develop a profound understanding of flooring, empowering you to make a well-informed decision that aligns seamlessly with your preferences, financial considerations, and the distinctive characteristics of your designated spaces.

flooring guide residential commercial


What Is Residential Flooring?

Residential flooring refers to the various types of flooring materials and designs specifically intended for use in homes and residential spaces. These flooring options are chosen based on factors like aesthetics, comfort, durability, and maintenance to enhance the living environment.

What Is Commercial Flooring?

Commercial flooring refers to the specialized types of flooring materials and designs chosen for use in commercial spaces such as offices, retail stores, restaurants, and healthcare facilities. These flooring options prioritize durability, ease of maintenance, and functionality to withstand high foot traffic and specific business requirements.

What Are The Different Types Of Flooring?

In this section, we’ll delve into the diverse array of flooring options available, each offering distinct characteristics, aesthetics, and functionalities. From timeless classics like hardwood to innovative choices like laminate and eco-friendly alternatives such as bamboo, we’ll provide insights into the multitude of flooring materials to help you make informed decisions for your space.

What Is Laminate Flooring?

Laminate flooring is a versatile, synthetic flooring option that replicates the appearance of hardwood or tile. Commonly used in residential and commercial spaces, it’s known for its cost-effectiveness, durability, and ease of maintenance, making it a popular choice for high-traffic areas and budget-conscious projects.

What Is Vinyl Flooring?

Vinyl flooring is a synthetic flooring material composed of layers of PVC (polyvinyl chloride) that often mimics the look of natural materials like wood or stone. It’s commonly used in residential and commercial spaces for its affordability, durability, and water-resistant properties, making it suitable for areas prone to moisture and high foot traffic.

What Is Carpet?

Carpet is a soft and textile flooring option made from various fibres, such as wool or synthetic materials. It’s widely used in homes and commercial spaces for its comfort, noise reduction, and insulation properties, making it a cosy choice for bedrooms, living rooms, and offices.

What Is LVT Flooring?

LVT, or Luxury Vinyl Tile, is a synthetic flooring material that mimics the appearance of natural materials like wood or stone. It’s a popular choice for residential and commercial spaces due to its durability, water resistance, and versatility, suitable for various room types, including kitchens, bathrooms, and living areas.

What Is LVP Flooring?

LVP, or Luxury Vinyl Plank flooring, is a synthetic flooring option that replicates the appearance of hardwood planks. It’s popular in both residential and commercial settings, offering durability, water resistance, and a realistic wood look, making it suitable for various spaces, including living rooms, kitchens, and offices.

What Is Lino Flooring?

Lino, short for linoleum, is a resilient flooring material made from natural ingredients like linseed oil, cork dust, and wood flour. Commonly used in residential and commercial settings, it’s valued for its eco-friendliness, durability, and suitability for kitchens, bathrooms, and high-traffic areas.

What Is Wood Flooring?

Wood flooring is a natural and timeless flooring option crafted from solid hardwood or engineered wood planks. It’s widely used in homes and commercial spaces, appreciated for its elegance and durability, often installed in living rooms, dining areas, bedrooms, and even offices, adding warmth and character to spaces.

What Is Stone Flooring?

Stone flooring consists of natural stones like marble, granite, limestone, or slate, cut into tiles or slabs for installation. It’s a durable and visually stunning choice used in homes, commercial buildings, and outdoor areas like patios and courtyards, offering a timeless and elegant look.

What Is Concrete Flooring?

Concrete flooring is a robust and utilitarian option created by pouring, staining, or polishing concrete to form a solid, smooth surface. It’s commonly found in both residential and commercial settings, including warehouses, garages, modern homes, and industrial spaces, appreciated for its durability and minimalist aesthetic.

What Is Resin Flooring?

Resin flooring is a seamless, poured flooring system made from various resinous materials like epoxy or polyurethane. It’s widely utilized in commercial and industrial spaces, including factories, laboratories, and healthcare facilities, for its durability, chemical resistance, and smooth, hygienic surface.

What Are Some Other Types Of Flooring?

  • Metal Flooring: Metal flooring is a durable and industrial choice often seen in factories, workshops, and contemporary home designs, providing a sleek, modern aesthetic.
  • Artificial Grass: Artificial grass is used for outdoor areas, sports fields, and residential lawns, offering low maintenance and year-round greenery.
  • Safety Flooring: Safety flooring, with its non-slip properties, is ideal for commercial kitchens, healthcare facilities, and areas where safety is paramount.
  • Terrazzo Flooring: Terrazzo flooring, a composite of marble, glass, and concrete, is known for its elegant appearance, often used in upscale interiors.
  • Floor Tiles: Floor tiles come in various materials, such as ceramic, porcelain, and natural stone, suitable for kitchens, bathrooms, and living spaces.
  • Rubber Flooring: Rubber flooring is versatile, found in gyms, schools, and commercial spaces, providing comfort, resilience, and noise reduction.

These flooring options cater to diverse needs, from aesthetic preferences to specialized functionality.

What Are The Different Flooring Styles?

  • Traditional: Classic designs with timeless appeal, often featuring hardwood or carpet in neutral tones.
  • Modern: Sleek and minimalist, favouring materials like concrete, tile, or LVT for a clean, contemporary look.
  • Rustic: Embracing natural elements with distressed wood, stone, or terracotta tiles for a cosy, country-inspired feel
  • Industrial: Utilitarian aesthetics using materials like concrete, exposed brick, and metal for an urban, loft-style appearance.
  • Eclectic: Mixing and matching various styles, materials, and patterns to create a unique and personalized flooring design.

Flooring styles help define the character of a space, allowing you to align your flooring choice with your overall interior design vision, from classic to avant-garde.

What Are The Different Flooring Colours?

  • Neutral Tones: Versatile shades of beige, grey, and white provide a timeless backdrop and match various design styles.
  • Warm Hues: Reddish-brown, golden oak, and honey tones create a cosy and inviting atmosphere.
  • Cool Shades: Blues, greens, and cool greys evoke a sense of serenity and modernity.
  • Dark Finishes: Espresso, ebony, and deep mahogany add richness and sophistication to a space.
  • Bold colours: Vibrant reds, blues, or blacks make a dramatic statement and suit contemporary or eclectic interiors.

Flooring colour choices can significantly impact a room’s ambiance and aesthetics, allowing you to express your design preferences and create a desired atmosphere.

What Are The Different Flooring Finishes?

  • Matte Finish: A low-sheen, non-reflective surface that offers a natural and understated look.
  • Satin Finish: A slight sheen that strikes a balance between matte and glossy, providing durability and elegance.
  • Glossy Finish: High shine for a polished and formal appearance, often seen in hardwood and certain tiles.
  • Distressed Finish: An intentional weathered or aged appearance for a rustic or antique vibe.
  • Textured Finish: Surface variations for added depth, enhancing slip resistance and aesthetics.

Flooring finishes impact both the appearance and practicality of your floor. Choosing the right finish can enhance the style and functionality of your space.

What Are The Different Brands Of Flooring?

In this section, we’ll explore various flooring brands, each known for its unique offerings and qualities. From well-established names with a rich history to innovative newcomers pushing the boundaries of design and technology, we’ll provide insights into the leading brands in the flooring industry.

Karndean

Karndean is renowned for its luxury vinyl flooring, offering a wide range of realistic wood and stone designs. Their primary focus is on providing durable, versatile, and aesthetically pleasing flooring options for both residential and commercial spaces.

Amtico

Amtico specializes in luxury vinyl tiles (LVT) known for their innovative design and durability. They primarily offer a diverse range of LVT flooring options that mimic the appearance of wood, stone, and abstract patterns, ideal for creating visually stunning and resilient flooring solutions in various settings.

Quick Step

Quick-Step specializes in laminate and engineered wood flooring solutions. Their primary focus is on offering a wide variety of stylish, high-quality, and easy-to-install flooring options that cater to both residential and commercial spaces, combining aesthetics and functionality seamlessly.

Ted Todd

Ted Todd is a brand renowned for its premium hardwood flooring. Their primary offering consists of high-quality, handcrafted hardwood planks designed to enhance the elegance and character of residential and commercial interiors, emphasizing timeless craftsmanship and natural beauty.

Moduleo

Moduleo specializes in luxury vinyl flooring, offering an extensive range of stylish and resilient options. Their primary focus is on providing innovative and environmentally-friendly LVT solutions that mimic the look of wood and stone, making them ideal for enhancing the aesthetics and durability of various interior spaces.

Kahrs

Kahrs is a prominent brand known for its premium hardwood flooring. Their primary offering comprises high-quality, sustainable hardwood planks designed to elevate the aesthetic appeal and durability of residential and commercial interiors, emphasizing craftsmanship, style, and eco-friendliness.

Cormar

Cormar Carpets is a renowned brand specializing in manufacturing and supplying a wide range of high-quality carpets. They primarily offer an extensive selection of residential and commercial carpets, known for their durability, comfort, and stylish designs, catering to various interior preferences and needs.

What Is The Best Flooring?

Determining the best flooring is subjective and contingent on various factors, including:

  • Space: Consider the room’s purpose, traffic, and moisture levels.
  • Practicality: Prioritize durability and maintenance based on usage.
  • Style: Align with your interior design preferences.
  • Type: Choose materials suited to your needs.
  • Budget: Balance cost with quality.
  • Installation: Evaluate DIY vs. professional installation.
  • Maintenance: Factor in long-term care and upkeep.

Selecting the ideal flooring involves weighing these considerations to suit your specific requirements.

What Is The Best Flooring For Different Rooms And Spaces?

In this section, we’ll provide insights into selecting the most suitable flooring materials for different rooms and spaces in your home or commercial environment. From high-traffic areas like the living room to moisture-prone spaces like the bathroom, we’ll guide you in making informed flooring choices tailored to specific needs.

What Is The Best Flooring For Kitchens?

Characteristics: A suitable kitchen floor should be durable, easy to clean, and moisture-resistant, as it faces spills and heavy foot traffic.

Recommendation: Porcelain or ceramic tile is an excellent choice for kitchens due to its resilience, easy maintenance, and wide range of design options.

What Is The Best Flooring For Bedrooms?

Characteristics: Ideal bedroom flooring should offer comfort, warmth, and a soft underfoot feel while contributing to a cosy ambiance.

Recommendation: Carpet is a popular choice for bedrooms, providing comfort, insulation, and a wide range of colour and texture options to suit your style.

What Is The Best Flooring For Living Rooms?

Characteristics: The ideal living room flooring should combine comfort, style, and durability, as it’s a high-traffic area where aesthetics matter.

Recommendation: Hardwood flooring offers a timeless, elegant look while withstanding daily wear. Alternatively, laminate and LVT provide budget-friendly options with a similar aesthetic appeal.

What Is The Best Flooring For Bathrooms?

Characteristics: Ideal bathroom flooring should be waterproof, slip-resistant, and easy to clean due to frequent moisture exposure and the risk of slips.

Recommendation: Porcelain or ceramic tile is a top choice for bathrooms, providing water resistance, durability, and a variety of design options.

What Is The Best Flooring For Hallways?

Characteristics: Hallway flooring should be durable to withstand heavy foot traffic, resistant to wear and tear, and easy to maintain.

Recommendation: Hardwood or laminate flooring is ideal for hallways, offering durability and a stylish appearance that can enhance the overall aesthetic of your home.

What Is The Best Flooring For Stairs?

Characteristics: Stair flooring must be slip-resistant, durable, and able to withstand heavy foot traffic, as stairs are a high-impact area.

Recommendation: Carpet is a popular choice for stairs, providing traction and cushioning. Alternatively, hardwood or laminate with anti-slip treads can be an elegant and durable option.

What Is The Best Flooring For Offices?

Characteristics: Office flooring should be durable, easy to clean, and contribute to a professional and comfortable work environment. It should also accommodate office equipment and chairs with ease.

Recommendation: Commercial-grade carpet tiles are a practical choice for offices, offering durability, noise reduction, and the flexibility to replace individual tiles if damaged. Vinyl plank flooring is another option, combining style and resilience for high-traffic areas.

What Is The Best Flooring For Sports?

Characteristics: Sports flooring must provide shock absorption, traction, and durability. It should minimize the risk of injury, offer consistent ball bounce, and be easy to clean.

Recommendation: Rubber sports flooring, such as interlocking rubber tiles or rolls, is an excellent choice for sports facilities. It provides cushioning, sound insulation, and the necessary grip for various indoor sports activities while ensuring player safety.

What Is The Best Flooring For Factories?

Characteristics: Factory flooring should be highly durable, resistant to heavy machinery, chemicals, and abrasion. It must also support a safe working environment with anti-slip properties.

Recommendation: Epoxy resin flooring is ideal for factories. It’s tough, chemical-resistant, and easy to clean, ensuring safety and longevity in industrial settings.

What Is The Best Flooring For Different Environments?

In this section, we’ll guide you in choosing the most appropriate flooring materials for a range of environments, from residential spaces to commercial establishments, sports facilities, and industrial settings. Each environment has unique demands, and selecting the right flooring is crucial to meet those requirements effectively.

What Is The Best Flooring For Pets?

For homes with pets, vinyl flooring, particularly luxury vinyl tile (LVT) or luxury vinyl plank (LVP), is an ideal choice. It offers durability, scratch resistance, easy cleanup, and the comfort your pets will appreciate.

What Is The Best Flooring For Kids?

When it comes to flooring for households with children, carpet stands out as a safe and comfortable choice. It provides a soft landing, reduces the risk of slips, and absorbs sound, creating a kid-friendly environment for play and comfort.

What Is The Best Flooring For High Traffic?

For spaces with heavy foot traffic, such as hallways and commercial settings, durable and low-maintenance flooring like porcelain or ceramic tile is the top choice. It withstands wear, resists stains, and requires minimal upkeep.

What Is The Best Flooring For Wet Areas?

In wet areas like bathrooms and kitchens, porcelain or ceramic tile is the optimal flooring choice. These tiles are water-resistant, easy to clean, and help prevent water damage, making them ideal for moisture-prone spaces.

flooring guide residential commercial

How Much Does Flooring Cost?

Flooring costs in the UK vary widely depending on factors like material, quality, and installation. On average, expect to pay £20 to £100 per square meter. Prices fluctuate due to material choice, installation complexity, room size, and location. High-quality materials and professional installation often result in higher costs.

How Much Does Luxury Flooring Cost?

Luxury flooring in the UK can range from £40 to £150 per square meter or more. Prices fluctuate based on the type of luxury flooring material chosen, its quality, design intricacy, and additional features like underfloor heating or custom installations. High-end materials naturally come with a higher price tag.

How Much Does Quality Flooring Cost?

Quality flooring typically ranges from £30 to £80 per square meter. Prices fluctuate due to factors such as the type of material (e.g., hardwood, laminate, carpet), its grade, thickness, and installation requirements. Higher-quality materials and intricate designs often command higher prices.

How Much Does Cheap Flooring Cost?

Cheap flooring options in the UK can be found for as low as £5 to £20 per square meter. Price fluctuations are primarily driven by material choice, quality, and whether the flooring is self-installed or professionally fitted. Lower-quality materials and simpler designs typically result in lower costs.

How Much Does Flooring Cost To Fit?

In the UK, flooring installation costs typically range from £10 to £30 per square meter. Prices vary based on factors like the type of flooring, subfloor preparation, room size and shape, and whether you opt for DIY or professional installation. Complex installations or additional services like underfloor heating can lead to higher costs.

What Other Costs Are Involved With Flooring?

  • Underlay: Often necessary for sound insulation and subfloor protection.
  • Accessories: Skirting boards, trim, and thresholds for a finished look.
  • Subfloor Preparation: Levelling or repairs if the existing subfloor is uneven or damaged.
  • Professional Installation: Labour costs for expert fitting.
  • Removal and Disposal: If old flooring needs removal and disposal.
  • Special Features: Additional costs for intricate patterns or designs.
  • Maintenance: Ongoing expenses for cleaning and upkeep.

How Do You Install Flooring?

  1. Prepare the Subfloor: Ensure it’s clean, level, and dry.
  2. Lay Underlay: Provide insulation and moisture barrier.
  3. Measure and Cut: Accurately cut flooring material to fit.
  4. Start in a Corner: Lay the first row, ensuring spacing for expansion.
  5. Connect Planks or Tiles: Follow manufacturer’s instructions for interlocking or adhesive methods.
  6. Continue Rows: Stagger joints for stability and aesthetics.
  7. Trim as Needed: Cut to fit around obstacles and edges.
  8. Apply Finishing Touches: Install baseboards, thresholds, and transitions.
  9. Seal Joints (if required): Use appropriate sealant for moisture-prone areas.

The installation process varies depending on the type of flooring (e.g., hardwood, laminate, tile) and project specifics. Always refer to manufacturer guidelines and consider hiring professionals for complex projects or special requirements.

How Do You Maintain Flooring?

  1. Regular Cleaning: Sweep or vacuum to remove debris.
  2. Damp Mopping: Use a well-wrung mop with appropriate cleaner.
  3. Spot Cleaning: Address spills promptly to prevent stains.
  4. Avoid Water: For wood and laminate, minimize exposure to moisture.
  5. Protect High-Traffic Areas: Use rugs or mats.
  6. Furniture Pads: Place under furniture to prevent scratches.
  7. Refinishing or Resealing (if needed): Maintain the finish as per manufacturer recommendations.

Maintenance routines vary depending on the flooring type, finish, and usage. Consult manufacturer guidelines for specific care instructions tailored to your flooring choice.

flooring guide residential commercial

How Do You Clean Flooring?

  1. Remove Debris: Start by sweeping or vacuuming to eliminate dirt and dust.
  2. Choose Appropriate Cleaner: Use a suitable cleaner based on the flooring material.
  3. Damp Mop: Wring out a mop or cloth well to avoid excess moisture.
  4. Follow Manufacturer’s Recommendations: Adhere to their guidelines for specific cleaning products and methods.
  5. Address Stains Promptly: Tackle spills and stains immediately with the correct treatment.
  6. Regular Maintenance: Establish a routine cleaning schedule to keep your floors looking their best.

Cleaning methods and products vary depending on the type of flooring (e.g., hardwood, tile, carpet) and the nature of the stain or dirt. Always refer to the manufacturer’s instructions and consider professional cleaning for stubborn or delicate surfaces.

What Is Flooring Restoration

Flooring restoration is the process of renewing and revitalizing old, worn, or damaged floors to their original or improved condition. This involves repairing, refinishing, or reconditioning the existing flooring material to enhance its appearance and durability. Restoring flooring can significantly extend its lifespan and aesthetic appeal.

What Is Flooring Renovation?

Flooring renovation refers to the comprehensive overhaul of a floor’s appearance and functionality, often involving the replacement of existing flooring material with a new one, altering the layout, or making significant structural modifications to achieve a desired design or performance improvement.

How Long Does Flooring Last?

The lifespan of flooring varies widely depending on the type of material and the level of care and maintenance it receives. Generally, quality flooring can last anywhere from 10 to 25 years or more with proper upkeep and usage considerations. Factors such as wear and tear, foot traffic, and environmental conditions influence the longevity of your flooring. High-quality materials and professional installation can also extend its lifespan.

What Are Some Ideas For Flooring?

Consider Functionality: Determine the room’s purpose and traffic. For high-traffic areas, choose durable options like porcelain tile or hardwood.

  1. Prioritize Style: Match flooring with your interior design. Wood flooring offers timeless elegance, while modern spaces may benefit from sleek tile or concrete.
  • Factor in Budget: Balance cost and quality. Affordable options like laminate and vinyl can mimic the look of pricier materials.
  • Evaluate Maintenance: Choose low-maintenance options for busy lifestyles, such as laminate or luxury vinyl.
  • Think About Comfort: For bedrooms and cosy spaces, carpet provides warmth and comfort underfoot.
  • Account for Moisture: In wet areas like bathrooms and kitchens, opt for waterproof materials like porcelain tile or luxury vinyl.
  • Explore Trends: Stay updated with flooring trends like eco-friendly materials, unique patterns, or textured finishes for a modern look.
  • Professional Advice: Consult with flooring experts for tailored recommendations based on your specific needs and preferences.

By considering these ideas, you can select the perfect flooring to enhance the functionality and aesthetics of your residential or commercial property.

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